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Homing Fiducials Pipeline

If you receive the error message FIDUCIAL-HOME no matches found when homing your LumenPnP, you likely need to adjust your homing vision pipeline. Follow the steps below for a guide on the iterative approach. See also our setup video. Cant't find homing fiducial

Open the Pipeline

  1. Click on the Machine Setup tab in the top right pane. Machine Setup Tab

  2. Click on the "Expand" checkbox if necessary. Expanding the Machine Config options

  3. Click on Heads > ReferenceHead H1. Reviewing the ReferenceHead options

  4. Click on the "Position Camera over location" icon button show below. This will move the top camera to where your datum board is mounted. Position top camera over homing fiducial

  5. Confirm that your top camera is positioned exactly over the homing fiducial. Center the homing fiducial in the camera view

  6. Adjust the exposure of your camera image as mentioned in the Homing Fiducial Section.

  7. Go to the Vision tab. Switch to the vision tab

  8. Select on FiducialVision from the type dropdown. Select fiducial vision

  9. Select - Default Machine Fiducial Locator - from the pipeline list. Select the default pipeline

  10. Click on Pipeline Edit. Edit the pipeline

Edit the pipeline

This window is where you can edit the vision pipeline to detect your homing fiducial. The homing fiducial is detected using circular symmetry. The previous method was by thresholding the image and detecting a circle. We outline both methods on this page for posterity, but we recommend using the circular symmetry method.

Circular symmetry method

Check your pipeline version

If your vision pipeline doesn't look like the image below, you still have the old version of detecting the homing fiducial. You can easily update your vision pipeline as follows.

circular symmetry image pipeline

  1. Click the "Copy" button in the code block below to save the vision pipeline to your clipboard.

            <cv-stage class="" name="image" enabled="true" default-light="true" settle-first="true" count="1"/>
            <cv-stage class="" name="mask" enabled="true" diameter="500" property-name="MaskCircle"/>
            <cv-stage class="" name="cir" enabled="true" min-diameter="10" max-diameter="150" max-distance="250" search-width="0" search-height="0" max-target-count="1" min-symmetry="1.2" corr-symmetry="0.0" property-name="" outer-margin="0.2" inner-margin="0.4" sub-sampling="8" super-sampling="1" diagnostics="true" heat-map="true"/>
            <cv-stage class="" name="results" enabled="true" model-stage-name="cir"/>
  2. Click the "Clipboard" icon in the vision pipeline window to insert the new pipeline into OpenPnP.

    pipeline clipboard button

  1. Check the output of the mask stage of the pipeline. This stage "masks" off extra parts of the image by turning all the pixels black. This reduces the chance that the pipeline will find a different circle in the image and detect it as the homing fiducial. Click on this stage to view its settings.

    1. There's only one property to adjust in this stage called diameter. A diameter too large could allow other potential circles into the image and could be erroneously detected by the pipeline. A diameter too small could potentially clip the actual homing fiducial if the first position capture isn't perfectly centered on the homing fiducial.

  2. Check the output of the cir stage of the pipeline. This stage looks for circular symmetry in the image, and outputs a colored heatmap showing where it thinks the center of circular symmetry is. The goal is to have this stage put the brightest, most yellow point of the heatmap in the center of the homing fiducial. Click on this stage to view its settings.

    1. You can tell if OpenPnP is detecting circular symmetry if there's line of text similar to Circle [x=639.5, y=361.5, diameter=78.0, score=133.06040353848752] in the field in the bottom right of the window. This means OpenPnP found circular symmetry, and it tells you about the circle that it found. If there isn't a row here, it means the pipeline isn't detecting a circle.

    2. If the pipeline isn't finding a circle, you might need to adjust the max diameter circle that the pipeline can find. Increase the value for maxDiameter to tell the stage to accept found circles of a larger diameter.

Circle detection method

Legacy Method

If your vision pipeline doesnt look like this, you have a more recent version of the homing fiducial pipeline. This section is for older versions. If your pipeline looks like this, we recommend you switch to the circle symmetry method.

  1. Click on the DrawCircles stage. Click on the DrawCircles stage

  2. The main view will show a circle if OpenPnP was able to identify what it thinks is the homing fiducial.

    1. If there are more than one circle, then we need to more clearly distinguish the real homing fiducial.
    2. If there is one circle, but it is not correctly drawn around the homing fiducial, then we need to more clearly distinguish the homing fiducial.
    3. If there are no circles, we need to loosen the filtering to make the real homing fiducial easier to identify.
    4. If the image looks like the good one above, your pipeline is properly tuned. If you've still been getting failures when homing, you may need to slightly loosen the filtering.

Adjust Pipeline

  1. Click on the Threshold stage Select the threshold stage

  2. Raise or lower the threshold parameter as necessary until the image is precise.

    1. If the image is too black, raise the threshold setting.
    2. If the image is too bright, lower the threshold setting.
  3. Click on the DrawCircles stage and check if the fiducial has been correctly identified. Click on the DrawCircles stage

  4. If not, pin the view of the DrawCircles stage. Pin the DrawCircles view

  5. Click on the DetectCirclesHough stage. Select the detect circles stage

  6. Raise or lower the param2 parameter as necessary until the correct number of circles are identified.

    1. If there are no circles, lower the param2 setting.
    2. If there are too many circles, raise the param2 setting.

Review Pipeline Output

  1. When the fiducial is correctly identified, close the pipeline editor. Close the pipeline editor

  2. When prompted, save the edits you've made. Save the changes to the pipeline

  3. Try homing the machine to see if it can identify the homing fiducial. Home the machine

  4. If you receive the same FIDUCIAL-HOME no matches found error, you'll need to keep tuning your pipeline. Go back to checking the debug results. Cant't find homing fiducial